Eyes diseases: Due to these reasons there is a defect in the cornea of ​​the eyes, it can become the cause of blindness. - Newztezz Online


Thursday, October 12, 2023

Eyes diseases: Due to these reasons there is a defect in the cornea of ​​the eyes, it can become the cause of blindness.

Eyes cornea infection:
Defect in the cornea of ​​the eyes is a major cause of blindness. Symptoms of corneal damage start appearing early on, but in some cases people do not pay attention to it. Gradually this disease becomes serious and later causes blindness.

Eyes diseases in world: 1.20 crore people across the world have become victims of blindness due to defect in the cornea. In this disease there is damage to the lining of the eyes. This eye disease is treated only through cornea transplant. However, the number of people donating cornea for transplant is very less. Because of this, people suffering from blindness are not able to get the cornea on time. However, now a new technology has been developed. For this, bio-engineered cornea is being prepared. Research regarding this has also been published in Nature Biotechnology. These corneas have been made from collagen protein.

Medical professionals in Iran and India have also conducted trials regarding this. A group of 20 people suffering from the problem of keratoconus (weak and damaged cornea) participated in this trial. In this trial, it was found that 14 out of 20 people regained their eyesight after cornea implantation using the new technology.

Why does corneal damage occur?

Dr. Natasha Pahuja, Head of Cornea and Refractive Surgeries at Natasha Eye Care and Research Centre, Pune, says that if there is infection in the eyes and herpes disease occurs, then there is a risk of cornea damage. The cornea can also get damaged due to any injury or other serious eye disease.

Once the cornea gets completely damaged, the person becomes a victim of blindness. In such cases, vision can be restored only by corneal transplant. But in many cases the patient is not able to get the cornea on time. The main reason for this is that there is lack of awareness among people regarding eye donation. People think that in eye transplant the entire eye is removed, but it is not so. In this, only the cornea is removed from the donor's eye and transplanted into the patient. In such a situation, it is important that people should have information about this.

How to take care of eyes

Dr. Natasha says that the most important thing for eye care is not to take any eye problem lightly. If you are experiencing problems like watery eyes, pain in the eyes, itching, redness of the eyes, then you should immediately consult a doctor. Do not be careless in this matter.

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