India and Pakistan got independence together, but why did it take 26 years for the neighboring country to make its constitution? - Newztezz Online

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Friday, January 26, 2024

India and Pakistan got independence together, but why did it take 26 years for the neighboring country to make its constitution?


The Constitution was first implemented in Pakistan in 1956. However, even after this, many changes were made in the country's constitution. The Constitution adopted on 14 April 1973 is currently in force in the country. The Constitution of Pakistan is called Ain-e-Pakistan and Dastur-e-Pakistan. Pakistan Day is celebrated every year in March in the country.

India is going to celebrate its 75th Republic Day this time. 26 January has great importance in the history of the country. On this day the Constitution of our country came into force, after which India became a sovereign nation. It is celebrated like a national festival. On this day, a parade is organized every year on the duty path. This parade starts from Rashtrapati Bhavan and goes to the National Stadium, but have you ever wondered when Republic Day is celebrated in Pakistan?

Both India and Pakistan got independence together in 1947, after which Pakistan decided to celebrate Independence Day on 14th August as per its own time. However, according to the Indian Independence Act, Pakistan's independence day is August 15 only. Besides, Jinnah had also announced the formation of Pakistan on 15th August itself. Both the countries had similar political heritage, but it took 26 years for Pakistan to adopt the constitution.

When was the first constitution implemented?

Pakistan was created in 1947, but the Constitution was implemented for the first time in the country on 23 March 1956. Although there have been many changes in it since then, due to the passing of the first Constitution, March 23 is celebrated as Pakistan Day every year in the country. Pakistan was officially declared an Islamic nation on 23 March. The Constitution of Pakistan would have been adopted only a few months after independence, but Jinnah died on 11 September 1948. Only after this the leadership crisis in Pakistan started deepening.

There was an attempt at a military coup in Pakistan in 1951. Pakistan adopted the Constitution in 1956, because after this general elections were to be held in the country. However, even before the elections in 1958, the army staged a coup by imposing martial law and abrogating the constitution. After this, Pakistan Army Chief General Muhammad Ayub Khan took power. Ayub Khan remained the President of Pakistan till 1969. During Ayub's tenure the country got a new constitution in 1962. After this, Ayub Khan resigned from the post in 1969. After Ayub Khan, General Yahya Khan took command of Pakistan, after which the first general elections were held in the country in 1970. In 1972, the legislature was formed on the basis of elections. On 10 April 1973, the committee presented its proposal for the constitution, after which the new constitution was once again implemented on 14 August 1973. The Constitution of Pakistan is called Ain-e-Pakistan and Dastur-e-Pakistan.

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