What are the rules for abortion in India? What is there to fear during 24 weeks of pregnancy? - Newztezz Online


Friday, October 13, 2023

What are the rules for abortion in India? What is there to fear during 24 weeks of pregnancy?

What are the rules regarding abortion in India? Why did the Supreme Court put a stay on its own order? Why is abortion dangerous at 26th week? All these questions will be answered through this article.

Just as becoming a mother is the happiest thing for a woman. Similarly, 'abortion' is a very painful decision for a woman. These days, there is a debate going on about the rules on 'abortion' in the country. On social media, people are giving their arguments regarding right and wrong. At the same time, if we think from a woman's point of view, taking a decision like 'abortion' can be a personal choice as well as full of mental and physical problems. The truth is that miscarriage is physically and mentally painful for any woman.

What is abortion?

Terminating a pregnancy or damaging a fetus is called abortion. Nowadays abortion is done in many ways like through medicines as well as surgery. There was a fixed time i.e. month for abortion. Which doctors call safe abortion. But more time has passed and if the woman wants to have an abortion, she has to resort to surgery. 

Abortion depends on how many months the baby is in the womb. Because it can have many side effects. Such as bleeding, pelvic pain, nausea, vomiting. If there is excessive bleeding, high fever and severe pain after abortion, then the symptoms are serious and one should immediately consult a gynecologist in time.

After how many weeks is abortion very dangerous?

Abortion at 12 weeks is considered physically safe. This is also called early abortion. If a woman is having repeated miscarriages. In difficult circumstances, if there is a serious medical issue, the woman can get an abortion in the 20th week. Abortion in the 26th week is considered extremely dangerous. The reason behind this is that the child develops very quickly inside the stomach. The chances of the fetus being born increases during medical termination at 26th week of pregnancy. Doctors say that in the 26th week the chances of the child being born alive increase. 

What are the laws and rules regarding abortion in India?

abortion law in india

Who can get an abortion in India and for how many weeks?

The first reason is that repeated pregnancies can become a physical and mental problem for a woman. Special acts have been made regarding abortion under the 'Termination Pregnancy Act'. Under this Act, if a woman is 12 weeks pregnant with a child, she can get an abortion done by a registered doctor. If the fetus is 12 to 20 weeks old, abortion can be done only after the permission of two doctors. 

According to the abortion law of India, who can get an abortion and in how many weeks can it be done?

According to the abortion law of India, abortion can be done only in special circumstances. If a woman is 12 weeks pregnant and the doctor has ordered an abortion due to some serious medical issue, then in such a situation abortion is justified. 

If it is more than 12 weeks but up to 20 weeks, then the opinion of two doctors is required for abortion. Abortion is legal up to 20 weeks. 

In this situation, abortion can be done up to 20 weeks.

If there is any kind of threat to the mother's life. This danger can be physical as well as mental. There is a risk of serious injury to health.

If the woman has any kind of physical problem and if there is a danger of physical and mental harm to the child, then in such a situation abortion can be done. 

If the pregnancy has stopped due to rape. So in that situation abortion can be done. 

If a married woman is unable to conceive despite taking contraceptive pills, then abortion can be done. 

Despite the existing law, demands are also being raised to increase the timing of abortion to more than 20 or even 24 weeks.

Actually, this rule has been made because by 20 weeks the child has developed so much that a lot can be known about him. But as technology has developed, people get more and more information about the child growing in the womb. And in such a situation, if any kind of problem arises, it becomes very difficult to take the decision of abortion. 

What is the whole matter?

In fact, on Tuesday, the Supreme Court banned the abortion of a fetus in the 26th week of pregnancy of a married woman. After which abortion is being discussed everywhere because a day before, the Supreme Court had issued an order to the panel of doctors of AIIMS to conduct medical abortion of the woman i.e. medical termination of pregnancy. Later, after the arguments of the Additional Solicitor General, the Supreme Court stayed its own decision. 

Solicitor General Aishwarya Bhati's argument on behalf of the Center

CJI D.Y. The panel headed by Chandrachud paid special attention to the arguments of Solicitor General Aishwarya Bhati. And he said that it is not right to kill any fetus in the 26th week. Because in the 26th week the fetus develops so much that its chances of being born increase. Aishwarya Bhati further says that during medical termination of pregnancy at 26 weeks, the chances of the fetus coming out alive increases significantly. Presenting this argument, he has asked the Supreme Court to stay its decision. 

Supreme Court put a stay on its own decision

Aishwarya Bhati, on behalf of the Centre, said in her argument that preventing any child from being born alive or killing it after birth is a punishable offense under Section 315 of the IPC. In such a situation, doctors performing abortions are facing a moral dilemma. CJI Chandrachud has asked the Center to submit a formal application to withdraw the earlier order passed by the Supreme Court. He has also said that he will hand over the case to a special bench for hearing on Wednesday. 

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