Every 8th person in India is at risk of developing Glaucoma. Know its symptoms and treatment. - Newztezz Online


Thursday, March 16, 2023

Every 8th person in India is at risk of developing Glaucoma. Know its symptoms and treatment.

About 40 million people in India, or every 8th person, have glaucoma or are at risk of developing it.

Glaucoma: Glaucoma is a dangerous disease related to the eyes, which we call black cataract in common language. This disease damages the optic nerve. This is the same optic nerve through which the information seen by the eye reaches your brain. Glaucoma is usually caused by abnormally high pressure inside the eye. Increased pressure inside the eye can destroy the tissues of the optic nerve, which can lead to vision loss as well as blindness.

The optic nerve is very sensitive, so if there is a slight pressure on it, it gets blocked and the vision stops. According to the information received from Dr. Reena Chaudhary, COO and Medical Director of Glaucoma Department of Eye Hospital, Glaucoma is usually silent vision loss. Causes, it feels like mild eye pain, headache and rainbow color around the light.

What does the report of the National Health Portal say?

Recent figures from the National Health Portal show that India and China have the highest prevalence of glaucoma. In India, about 40 million people, or every 8th person, have or are at risk of developing glaucoma. People aged 40 years and above Among individuals, approximately 11.2 million suffer from glaucoma, of whom 1.1 million are blind, including children. In Asia, glaucoma is projected to affect an additional 27.8 million individuals by 2040.

These people are at higher risk of glaucoma

Although glaucoma can occur at any age, it mainly affects people above the age of 40 years. People who are high myopses, are diabetic, have a history of eye trauma, have a family history of glaucoma, or are taking corticosteroid medications for a long time, are at a higher risk of developing glaucoma. If glaucoma is detected early, further loss of vision can be avoided.

How to prevent glaucoma

Regular eye examination and mass screening can facilitate its early detection and prevention. If it is diagnosed in the last stage, it can be treated with surgery. After the age of 40, the chances of getting glaucoma increase, in such a situation, keep getting regular checkups done. According to experts, to avoid glaucoma, eye pressure should be checked at least once a year. With this, glaucoma can be controlled in time. The pressure on the eye can be reduced in the treatment of glaucoma. For this, eye drops, medicines, laser, surgery may also have to be done if needed.

Disclaimer: Before following the methods, methods and suggestions mentioned in this article, do take the advice of a doctor or a related expert.

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