Amidst controversy over Shahrukh's film, know who are 'Pathans', who are also mentioned in Rigveda? - Newztezz Online

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Tuesday, January 10, 2023

Amidst controversy over Shahrukh's film, know who are 'Pathans', who are also mentioned in Rigveda?

In British India, the word Afghan was also considered synonymous with Pathan. Because they were from the Pashtun region of Afghanistan. According to the 2011 census, about 10 million Pathans live in India.

Shah Rukh Khan's new film Pathan is mired in controversies, some with the title of the film and some with the scene shot in the song Besharam Rang . Till now many people have threatened not to release the film. The matter has reached the Parliament . Amidst the ongoing controversy over the film, it is important to know who the Pathans are and what is their history…

Pathan is actually a caste living in South Asia. Mainly they are believed to live in the Hindu Kush Mountains in Afghanistan and the areas near the Indus River in Pakistan. They mainly belong to the Pashtun community. Presently Pathans are living in many areas of Afghanistan, Pakistan and India. Their main language is Pashto. He is considered the real Pathan, so he follows Pashtunwali.

5000 years of history, mentioned in Rigveda

Pashtun history is more than 5 thousand years old. According to Pashtun folk belief, its lineage is Jewish. According to Pakhtun folklore, 2800 years ago Israel had expelled ten tribes from the country. These tribes have been considered as Pakhtuns. In the 44th verse of the fourth section of Rigveda, the description of Pakhtuns is also found in the name of Paktyakaya.

Pashtuns are also mentioned in the book Magajane Afghani written during the time of Mughal ruler Jahangir. JB Fraser wrote in his 1834 book Historical and Descriptive Account of Persia and Afghanistan that before adopting Islam, Pashtuns considered themselves as 'Bani Israel'.

History of Pathans in India

In British India, the word Afghan was also considered synonymous with Pathan. Because they were from the Pashtun region of Afghanistan. According to the 2011 census, about 10 million Pathans live in India. According to Khan Mohammad Atif of Lucknow University, more Pathans live in India than in Afghanistan. In the 2011 census, he had given information about his main language being Pashto.

Talking about the history of Pathans in India, its beginning is found around 11th and 12th century. They come to India with Muslim rulers, all of them settled in India only. Later in 1947, when the country became independent, many Pathans went back and many came here from Pakistan. Who assimilated the society here. There are many film stars including Dilip Kumar who are basically Pathans.

Pathan's code of conduct is Pashtunwali

Pashtunwali means Pashtun lifestyle, it consists of nine rules. Pathan has to follow these, although it is written many times in history that Pathan warriors did not follow these rules during their invasions in India and tortured women and children a lot. The first rule of Pashtunwali is hospitality to guests, help to those who seek refuge, protection of land property and women. Loyalty and Honesty. Trust and respect in God. Pathans are ready to die for them.

Lack of cohesion

There is a lack of unity among the Pathans. It has been mentioned in the book 'Pashtuns' by author Tilak Devshar . He has told that unity and national solidarity has also been seen in Pathans when they have been threatened by a foreigner. Apart from this, the long history of Pashtuns shows their quarrels and conflicts with each other.

Winston Churchill is quoted in the book. He wrote that 'except during the time of sowing and harvesting, the whole country is in a state of constant quarrels and conflicts. Clans fight with clans. Every tribe has a blood feud with its neighbor.

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