Five big women's movement in India, in front of which the government also had to kneel - Newztezz Online


Saturday, March 6, 2021

Five big women's movement in India, in front of which the government also had to kneel

Although there is no history of a collective or group Feminist movement like the West in India, but from India's independence to the recent peasant movement, there are many such occasions in history, when a large number of women take to the streets for a particular purpose. She came 
They fought unitedly and struggled in such a way that reversed the course of history.

Here we are remembering those five major events of history, where women have proved that if they come on their own then nothing is impossible.

Stick movement

It was the year of 1973. It was just 26 years after independence. Globalization had not started, but the greed of the big companies had begun to tighten its grip all over India. This movement started from Chamoli district in the state of Uttarakhand, which was then part of Uttar Pradesh. The Forest Department of Uttar Pradesh Government started cutting down the forests of Garhwal. The government had done this work, but behind it, a whole network of contractors, businessmen, commissions and usury was working.

The local people, who have lived among those mountains, forests and nature from generation to generation, did not expect the government to come and destroy the lush green forests. His relationship with nature was like family. For centuries, he had been saving and protecting her like a child.

Against this, women started a movement led by Gaura Devi. 
The women found a unique way to save the trees. When the contractors of the forest department came, all the women would cling to the trunk of each tree. No matter how much effort or force someone used, she did not bother with her place.

Two and a half thousand trees were to be cut in Chamoli's rani, but the women of the village put their lives to death. The contractor could not cut a single tree.

This was the first such movement in India, after which the issue of environment became the central question of Indian politics. Before this, no one had even thought that it is necessary to save water, forest and land, the credit of which also goes to the women of this country.

Performance of women in Manipur

This was the first protest of its kind in the history of independent India, which shook the power of Delhi. Its impact was so deep and deadly that after this the government, police and security forces started to rein.

This is an incident of July 11, 2004. A 32-year-old woman named Thangjam Manorama was picked up by soldiers from the Assam Rifles of the Indian paramilitary force from her house in the middle of the night and her body was found in the fields the next morning with gunfire. It was revealed in the post-mortem that he was brutally raped. There were deep wounds in his personal organs. The Special Armed Forces Act was in force in Manipur for a long time and the atrocity of the police was becoming unbridled. But the assassination of Manorama shook the entire state.

Five days after the incident, 30 women staged a protest outside the Assam Rifles office in Imphal. She was shouting slogans - "Indian Army, rape us too." We are all mothers of Manorama. "

We will not go into the details of subsequent cases here. Just let me tell you that no soldier who raped and shot Manorama was identified and neither was punished. But this demonstration in Manipur became a scene in history. Time magazine recorded this demonstration as one of the most powerful and powerful protests by women in history.

One thing happened from this incident that the Delhi government woke up from sleep. Police Brutalities began to identify and question him.

Movement for Nirbhaya

After the incident of rape and brutal violence with a medical student in Delhi in December 2012, what we saw in Delhi may have been seen only by those who saw the freedom movement. There was such a huge crowd of people from outside the North and South Blocks on the Raisina Hills from the circle of India that it was difficult to move. Thousands of girls and women of all ages, from school-college girls to women participated in this protest. Everyone had the same demand - they want safe roads, safe roads and safe countries for themselves.

The widespread movement that started after Nirbhaya also exemplifies that any issue related to women safety and women's lives was not a central question of concern in the politics of this country before that. Neither this word was repeated so many times in the Parliament of this country - the protection of women.

After that, what changed and what did not change is a different issue, but never before and even after in the history of independent India, such a large number of women took to the streets. Neither did any law of this country change within a record time of four months. Once again, women have proved that if they unite and come out on the streets, even the biggest power has to bow down.

Pink gang

The story of Pink Gang is very interesting. There was a woman named Sampat Pal in Banda district of Uttar Pradesh. Once, her husband was beating her neighbor badly. When he tried to intervene, the man called it his personal matter and asked him not to interfere in it. The man had beaten his wife so badly that Sampath was furious in anger. He gathered five women and one day, seeing the opportunity, beat the man badly in the field and warned him that if he hands his wife after today, then he will have a worse fate.

Sampath's campaign started to grow slowly and a lot of women joined it. All these women wore pink colored saris. Gradually, his name became Pink Gang. Had there been any injustice or atrocity with any woman around, this pink gang would have reached there. People around him were very scared about them. Once, this gang also took a local police station in-charge hostage for molesting the woman. Not only this, once some laborers accused in illegal mining were caught by the police and locked up in Mau police station. Sampat Pal along with his gang reached to rescue the laborers. When the police tried to use force, the women ran and beat the SDM and CO there. Atrocities on women in Banda and adjoining districts under the leadership of Gulabi Gang were put under control.

Andhra Pradesh's anti-alcohol movement

This movement of women in Andhra Pradesh in the 90s was a unique movement of its kind, which eventually forced the government there to bow down. The women of Andhra Pradesh's villages were very upset with alcohol. Men were drunk all day and women had to take responsibility both at home and outside. Men used to drink alcohol to violence, abuse and assault women. Women opened a front against this. He started a sit-in outside the collector's office. He also wrote a letter to the Chief Minister with his blood. It was written on it, "We do not want such a drink to drink our blood." His only demand was that the sale of liquor should be banned. When the Chief Minister refused to ban liquor, she lay down at the door of her house.

Later, on behalf of the government, the frustrated women took the front into their own hands. When there was a stock at the liquor store in their villages, the women would go in groups and break the bottles of liquor. They collectively announced that whichever man would drink alcohol, she would roam the entire village, bald and seated on the donkey. This movement proved to be so effective and deadly that eventually in 1995, liquor was banned in the entire Andhra Pradesh. Women won.

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