The world's largest diamond found in South Africa, knowing the price will fly away - Newztezz - Latest News Today, Breaking News, Top News Headlines, Latest Sports News


Tuesday, January 26, 2021

The world's largest diamond found in South Africa, knowing the price will fly away

South Africa is famous worldwide for its diamond mines. 
There is a glut of gold, diamond and coal mines from which precious metals are extracted. About 115 years ago, one of the largest diamonds ever found was from a similar diamond mine in South Africa. In January 1905, a 3,106 carat diamond was discovered in Pretoria, South Africa. The superintendent of the quarry was on his regular inspection when he discovered the diamond. It weighed 1.33 pounds (0.6 kg) and was named 'Cullinan', the largest diamond ever made.

Superintendent of the diamond mine Frederick Wells was in the quarry 18 feet below the surface of the ground, during which he saw something shining on the quarry wall. After reaching close, they found this diamond adjacent to the quarry wall. The same day in the afternoon, the owner of the mine, Sir Thomas Cullinan, was shown this diamond. Cullinan then sold the diamond to the Transvaal Provincial Government, who gifted it to King Edward VII of Britain as a birthday present.

This trick adopted to save the diamond from being stolen in a trip to London

At the same time, Edward feared that the diamonds would not be picked during the journey from South Africa to London. For this reason, he left a small diamond on a ship for London under tight security. At the same time, when the ship left with small diamonds, the original Cullinan diamond was sent to England in a plain box by means of another small ship. In this way, the world's largest diamond reached London.

Broken blade while cutting diamond

Edward assigned the task of harvesting Cullinan to Joseph Esser, head of the Escher Diamond Company in Amsterdam. Eicer studied it for six months before cutting diamonds. In the first attempt, the steel blade had no effect on the diamond and the blade broke. However, Eser succeeded in the second attempt and was able to cut the diamond exactly as he had planned.

Currently diamonds are present in this place of London

Cullinan was later cut into nine large and about 100 small diamonds. If the entire Cullinan diamond is compared to today's price, it will cost 2 billion dollars (about 14000 crores rupees). The largest diamond is called 'Star of Africa I' or 'Cullinan I' and this 530 carat piece of diamond is the largest cut-fine quality colorless diamond in the world. The second largest diamond is 'Star of Africa II' or 'Cullinan II', which is of 317 carats. Along with 'Cullinan III' these two large diamonds are displayed in the Tower of London along with other crown jewels of Britain. Cullinan I is placed under the royal sovereignty of the British Sovereign, while Cullinan II is present in the Imperial State Crown.

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