What is kidney cancer, Know symptoms causes and preventive measures - Newztezz Online


Monday, December 7, 2020

What is kidney cancer, Know symptoms causes and preventive measures

The size of the kidney is equal to that of a fist. 
It is behind the abdominal organs on either side of our spine. There is a kidney cancer called renal cell carcinoma in the elderly. Young children are more likely to develop kidney cancer called villous tumor.

There are two kidneys in our body. The kidneys work to clean the blood. Today, cases of kidney cancer are increasing. One reason for this can also be to get the city scan done repeatedly. Today, in this article we will tell you the symptoms, types, causes of kidney cancer and ways to avoid it.

Kidney cancer symptoms - kidney cancer symptoms

Many people do not know about cancer initially. But as the tumor grows, the following symptoms start appearing.

  • Blood in urine
  • Abdominal distension
  • Loss of appetite
  • Body ache
  • Lose weight
  • Swelling of feet
  • breathlessness
  • Coughing up blood
  • Bone pain

These symptoms are not necessarily only seen in the case of kidney cancer. This can happen to you for any other reason. Therefore, please consult your doctor.

Kidney cancer causes - kidney cancer causes

Cancer usually starts then. When DNA structure changes. Cells become uncontrolled due to transformation. Due to which tumor is formed.

  • Smoking for a long time
  • High BP
  • The risk of kidney cancer is higher in older people
  • Prolonged dialysis
  • Kidney cancer is more in men than women.
  • obesity

All these reasons increase the chances of kidney cancer.

Types of kidney cancer

There are four types of kidney cancer.

Renal cell rhinoma - It causes about 90% of kidney cancer cases. It arises from the lining of small tubes within the kidney.

Transitional cell carcinoma - it causes 5 to 10 percent of kidney cancer cases. It is also known as urothelial carcinoma.

Wilms' tumor -  This tumor is also known as nephroblastomas. It is commonly found in children.

Renal sarcoma - It is the cause of only one percent of kidney cancer cases. It is treated like other sarcomas.

Ways to avoid kidney cancer

There is no cure yet to get rid of kidney cancer. But we can reduce its risk in some ways.

  • We should not smoke. Smoking causes kidney cancer.
  • We should keep our body healthy. We should protect our body from being overweight. Because high blood pressure and obesity may also increase the risk of kidney cancer.
  • Avoid exposure to harmful things at your place of work.

Kidney cancer treatment - kidney cancer treatment

Kidney cancer is treated to remove the tumor from the body. It is usually removed through surgery.

Radical nephrectomy - In this, the kidney is removed from your body. Along with the kidney, some nearby lymph nodes are also removed. Radical nephrectomy can also remove the subcutaneous gland.

Conservative nephrectomy - Conservative nephrectomy does not remove the kidney. Only lymph nodes, tumors and surrounding tissues are removed. It is also known as nephron sparing.

Apart from these, some medicines also help to prevent abnormal signs present in kidney cancer cells.

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