Explainer: Israel would not have allowed Hamas to flourish if it wanted, but is itself trapped in the process of destroying 'Fatah'. - Newztezz Online


Friday, October 13, 2023

Explainer: Israel would not have allowed Hamas to flourish if it wanted, but is itself trapped in the process of destroying 'Fatah'.

Hamas launched rapid rocket attacks on Israel, after which Israel retaliated. Hamas has a strong hold on the Gaza Strip. It has influence and control in the area. Israel ignored Hamas in some matters for years. Israel supported a cleric named Sheikh Ahmed Yasin.

Hamas entered Israel last Saturday morning and carried out the attack and more than a thousand people died in it. In response, Israel has also started bombing the Gaza Strip and has started preparations for a ground operation to kill Hamas terrorists. For the last one week, how Israel was formed, what is the Israel-Palestine dispute, Iran's help to Hamas, the war between Israel and the Arab countries and the Arab League's support and rhetoric regarding Palestine, on all these issues from social media to every other person. You will see the Ganges of knowledge flowing through your tongue. But, the roots of this conflict are very deep, in which Israel's attitude was lax and it allowed Hamas to flourish.

A surprising twist in this story is how Israel inadvertently aided the rise of Hamas, a Palestinian terrorist group that currently controls the Gaza Strip. The first intifada (an uprising against Israeli occupation) broke out in the West Bank and Gaza Strip in 1987. This sparked widespread outrage, as Israel retaliated against Palestinian civilians. It was in this unstable environment that Hamas was born, the foundation of which was laid by a fundamentalist Muslim religious leader Sheikh Ahmed Yasin.

Hamas encouraged against Fatah

Israel ignored Hamas for years in some respects as it sought to deter secular nationalists from the Palestine Liberation Organization and its main faction, Yasser Arafat's Fatah (Palestinian Nationalist Movement). Israel supported a cleric named Sheikh Ahmed Yassin while he was laying the foundation for the formation of Hamas. Israel also supported the establishment of the Islamic University of Gaza, which it now considers a center of terrorism. The university was one of the targets hit by Israeli fighter jets in the recent war.

In the 1970s and 80s, these people in Gaza said that they did not want to conflict with Israel, but wanted to focus on the study of the Quran. The Israeli government officially recognized the first organization of Hamas, Sheikh Yassin's Mujma al-Islamiyya, registering it as a charity and then as an association in 1979. Israel also allowed Mujama members to establish an Islamic university, build mosques, clubs and schools. The extensive network of clinics and schools it created gained the support of the Palestinian public, as it provided better services than the Palestinian Authority. Furthermore, Israel's military administration in Gaza viewed Hamas as a potentially stabilizing entity.

However, the information Israel was receiving about Sheikh Yassin from Islamic clerics in the mid-1970s was troubling as the clerics warned that Sheikh Yassin had no formal Islamic training and was averse to religion. More interested in politics.

Israel had closed its eyes

Yitzhak Segev (who was the Prime Minister of Israel at this time) also expressed his concern about Sheikh Yassin, but did not stop the work he was doing. Some argue that this was due to Israel's desire to use Hamas to stop the secular Palestine Liberation Organization. This silence of Israel played an important role in strengthening the extremist aspect of Palestine. Gaining a hold on educational and religious establishments, Hamas skillfully propagated its ideology advocating harsh resistance against Israel.

At the same time, what is important is that whenever there was a violent fight between the people of Sheikh Yassin's organization and the secular leftist Palestinian rivals to establish their influence in both Gaza and the West Bank, Israel would often stand aside and watch. The Palestinian cause was led for decades by Fatah (the Palestinian nationalist movement), which Israel considered a terrorist organization and tried to crush until the 1990s.

In fact, Maulvi Sheikh Yassin and Israel had a common enemy, Fatah (Palestinian nationalist movement). After failing to remove secularists from the leadership of the Palestinian Red Crescent in Gaza, Sheikh Yassin's organization Mujama'a organized a violent demonstration and stormed the Red Crescent building. The people of Muzama also attacked shops selling liquor and cinemas and the Israeli army kept watching all this silently, standing on the sidelines.

The army did not want to get involved in the feud between these two Palestinian organizations, but they did send troops to prevent Mujama from burning the house of the secular head of the Red Crescent (a socialist who supported the PLO). After this, clashes between the people prepared by Sheikh Yassin and the Palestinian nationalist movement spread to the West Bank. It became increasingly prevalent on college campuses (particularly Birzeit University, a center of political activism) in the early 1980s and gradually became more violent.

In 1984, the Israeli army received a tip from Fatah (Palestinian nationalist movement) supporters that Sheikh Yassin was collecting weapons in Gaza. Israeli soldiers raided a mosque and recovered a cache of weapons. Sheikh Yasin was put in jail. However, he continued to deceive Israeli investigators during interrogation and repeatedly maintained that the weapons were for use against rival Palestinians, and that he was not going to use them against Israel. The cleric was released a year later and continued to expand Mujama's reach across Gaza.

declaration of jihad

In 1987, several Palestinians were killed in a crash with an Israeli driver, triggering a wave of protests known as the First Intifada. Yassin and six other Mujama organizations started the Hamas movement. The charter issued by Hamas a year later was full of anti-Semitism. It said that “Jihad is its path and death for Allah is its most noble faith.” Israeli officials were still focused on Fatah (the Palestinian nationalist movement) and did not seem to be aware of Hamas's charter.

In 1989, Hamas launched its first attack on Israel, kidnapping and killing two soldiers. Israel arrested Sheikh Yasin and sentenced him to life imprisonment. After this, more than 400 suspected Hamas activists, including Mahmoud Jahar, one of the founders of Hamas, were arrested and deported to southern Lebanon. There he joined Hezbollah, the Iran-backed A-Team of anti-Israel terrorism. Many deportees later returned to Gaza, whereupon Hamas built up its arsenal and stepped up its attacks. It also maintained the social network which was the basis of its support in Gaza.

Now Hamas had become stronger

Meanwhile, its enemy Fatah (Palestinian nationalist movement) abandoned its commitment to the destruction of Israel and began negotiations on a two-state agreement. Hamas accused this of betrayal. This accusation gained increasing resonance as Israel continued to develop settlements on occupied Palestinian land (especially the West Bank). Although the West Bank came under the nominal control of the new Palestinian Authority, it was still populated by Israeli military posts and a growing number of Israeli settlers.

The Islamic organization Hamas, which once considered Fatah (Palestinian nationalist movement) its main enemy, had become very strong, which Israel tried to destroy. Israel now started targeting Hamas leaders, but there was no let up and now it started getting a lot of help. For example, in 1997, Israel's Mossad spy agency tried to poison Mashal, the exiled political leader of Hamas, who was living in Jordan at the time. But the agents were caught and Israel agreed to release Sheikh Yassin to get him out of Jordanian prison. Maulvi Yassin set out on a tour of the Islamic world to raise support and funds, after which he returned to Gaza a hero. However, in 2004 Sheikh Yasin was killed in an Israeli airstrike.

In the early 1990s it became clear that Gaza's Islamists had transformed a religious group into a fighting force against Israel, especially after suicide bombings in 1994. It was then attacked by Israel, but each military attack left civilians dead, leading to Hamas' popular support, and the group eventually defeated Fatah (the Palestinian Nationalist Movement), Israel's main ally, the US, in 2006. Defeated in the elections. After this, clashes between Hamas and Israel became common, but the biggest loss to Israel was that the war increased the popularity of Hamas.

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