Chandrayaan 3 Landing: What is the purpose of Chandrayaan-3 mission, what information will Vikram and Pragyan send? - Newztezz Online


Wednesday, August 23, 2023

Chandrayaan 3 Landing: What is the purpose of Chandrayaan-3 mission, what information will Vikram and Pragyan send?

Chandrayaan 3 Moon Landing: India's ambitious lunar mission 'Chandrayaan-3' has had a soft landing on the south pole of the Moon. Now everyone's eyes are on what the mission will do on the lunar surface?

ISRO Moon Mission: With the successful soft-landing of Chandrayaan-3 on the South Pole of the Moon, India has become the first country in the world to achieve this feat. On Wednesday (August 23) around 6 pm, a soft landing of Vikram, the lander module of Chandrayaan-3, was carried out on the lunar surface by the Indian Space Agency ISRO. There is enthusiasm for this success in the country and all over the world, but there is only one question in everyone's mind that what will happen next? What will Chandrayaan-3's lander Vikram and the rover Pragyan ride on it do on the surface of the moon? Let us know.

Lander and rover have a mission life of one lunar day

The mission life of lander Vikram and rover Pragyan on Moon is of one lunar day (about 14 Earth days). However, ISRO scientists have not ruled out the possibility of their survival beyond this period. Lander and Rover are powered by solar energy. They will collect important information for India on the Moon for about 2 weeks from the Earth. The mission consists of scientific payloads. The objective of the mission is to conduct in-situ chemical analysis of the lunar surface through the rover and the lander.

What information will the mission collect on the Moon? 

Pragyan Rover has six wheels. It carries instruments configured with the payload. Through these, information about the fundamental structure of the Moon's atmosphere will be collected. The density of the lunar surface plasma made of ions and electrons will be measured. The thermal properties of the Moon ie thermal properties will be measured. Seismicity on the Moon, that is, the movement within the surface (seismicity) will be measured. The composition and cover of the regolith (lunar crust) will be studied.

How will the rover work on the lunar surface? 

The Induced Breakdown Spectroscope (LIBS) and the Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer (APXS) are the two main instruments onboard the rover Pragyan. LIBS is used to identify elements and their properties at a place. This instrument will fire a strong laser on the lunar surface, which will melt the surface soil and emit light. By analyzing the wavelength generated during this, LIBS will gather information about the chemical elements and materials present there. It will detect the presence of elements like magnesium, potassium, calcium, aluminium, silicon, titanium and iron on the lunar surface.

Lander will send information to Indian Deep Space Network

Through the rover's second instrument APXS, information will be collected on the chemical compounds present in the soil and rocks of the lunar surface. With this, an in-depth analysis will be done about the soil of the moon. Whatever information the rover collects on the lunar surface, it will be transmitted to the lander. The lander will send that data to the Indian Deep Space Network, which will be analyzed by ISRO scientists.

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