Chandrayaan 3 Land: When the 'gold studded' lander Vikram kissed the moon, read the full story of landing - Newztezz Online


Wednesday, August 23, 2023

Chandrayaan 3 Land: When the 'gold studded' lander Vikram kissed the moon, read the full story of landing

Chandrayaan 3: Lander module 'Vikram' of 'Chandrayaan-3' has created history in relation to space science by successfully landing on the moon. Which has brought happiness on the face of every Indian.

Chandrayaan 3 Moon Landing: The lander module 'Vikram' of the gold-studded 'Chandrayaan-3' created history by making a safe and soft landing on the surface of the Moon around 6 pm on Wednesday (August 23) and India's name became famous worldwide. done. 

When the lander Vikram kissed the surface of the moon, a wave of happiness and enthusiasm ran across the country, including the scientists present in the Indian Space Agency ISRO. Prime Minister Narendra Modi , who reached South Africa for the BRICS summit, also saw this landing live by joining the ISRO center through virtual means. PM Modi praised the mission and congratulated the team and scientists of Chandrayaan-3.

India is the first country to achieve this success

With the 'soft landing' of Chandrayaan-3 on the south pole of the Moon, India has become the first country in the world to achieve this feat. At the same time, India has become the fourth country in the world to make a 'soft landing' on the lunar surface. Earlier, America, former Soviet Union and China have made soft landing of their spacecrafts on the lunar surface.

The soft landing of the Lander Module (LM) of 'Chandrayaan-3' has taken place only at the time set by ISRO (6:04 pm on August 23). According to scientists, even in the last phase of the landing, all the procedures worked as per the pre-determined plan, as a result of which Chandrayaan-3 has written a new story of success in space science by kissing the lunar surface on Wednesday evening.

What did PM Modi say?

During this, PM Modi while addressing the countrymen through video conference said, "Life becomes blessed when we see such history being made in front of our eyes." Such historical events become the eternal consciousness of national life.

He said, “This moment is unforgettable, this moment is unprecedented, this moment is the conch shell of developed India. This is the moment to shout for a new India. This is the moment to cross the ocean of difficulties. This is the moment to walk on the lunar path of victory. This moment is of the power of 140 crore beats. This is the moment of new energy, new faith, new consciousness in India." While expressing happiness, ISRO chief S. Somnath said, "We have achieved success in 'soft landing' on the moon. India is on the moon. 

The nation gazed at the landing

The excitement and enthusiasm regarding the Chandrayaan-3 mission can be gauged from the fact that apart from the scientists, the common citizens of the country also gazed with great curiosity and watched the landing through various mediums. In many schools of the country, live telecast was arranged to show the soft landing of Chandrayaan-3 to the boys and girls. 

As soon as Chandrayaan-3 touched the lunar surface, the ISRO center erupted in thunderous applause. Watching the live broadcast, PM Modi hoisted the national flag tricolor. From mango to special, every Indian who was watching this moment was filled with pride.

Why is Chandrayaan-3's soft landing on the moon special?

How important and special this soft landing of Chandrayaan-3 is, it can also be gauged from the fact that before this no spacecraft of any country has reached the south pole of the Moon. Recently, the Russian lunar mission Luna-25 tried to reach this region. Russia had launched its vehicle after the launch of India's Chandrayaan-3 and planned to land it first, but on August 20, the Russian space agency Roscosmos surprised the world by saying that its mission would end up hitting the lunar surface. Has become a victim of an accident. Thus the Russian lunar mission failed.

In view of the Russian developments, apprehensions about Chandrayaan-3 had started deepening among many people, but ISRO scientists assured that all the systems are working properly and there is every hope of a successful landing.

ISRO had already told that this time the lunar mission has been designed on 'Failure Based Model' i.e. the problems which came to the fore during the previous 'Chandrayaan-2' mission, should not be with it, full preparations were made for it. . Work was done on every aspect where there was scope for any mistake. Even a day before the landing, ISRO had expressed confidence that this time the mission is expected to be successful and it happened.

In this way soft landing of Chandrayaan-3 happened after passing through an important phase

News agency PTI quoted ISRO scientists as saying that the lander Vikram entered the 'power breaking phase' at an altitude of about 30 kilometers for landing. In this phase the speed of the vehicle has to be reduced. Gradually reducing the speed, it started using its four thruster engines by 'retro firing' to reach the lunar surface. This was done so that the lander would not 'crash' due to the effect of the Moon's gravity.

According to officials, on reaching an altitude of 6.8 km, only two engines were used and the other two were shut down. Its purpose was to provide 'reverse thrust' (push in the opposite direction of the normal direction, so as to slow down the speed of the lander after landing) while coming closer to the surface.

After this, after reaching an altitude of about 150 to 100 meters, the lander used its sensors and cameras to probe the surface to see if there were any obstacles, and then descended to perform a 'soft-landing'. started descending.

600 crore rupees cost in the mission

According to ISRO, the lander and rover will have one lunar day (equivalent to about 14 Earth days) to study the lunar surface and the surrounding environment. However, scientists have not ruled out the possibility of both remaining active till one more lunar day.

The Chandrayaan-3 mission cost Rs 600 crore and took off on July 14 on a 41-day journey to reach the Moon's south pole. It was launched through 'Launch Vehicle Mark-III (LVM-III) rocket.

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